Welcome back to Surname Saturday on Discovering Latvian Roots! Sorry I’ve been quite busy recently, but now I’m starting to be able to get back to genealogy and genealogy blogging.
Today we’re going to look at names relating to three similar-sounding Latvian names and names derived from them. All three appear on the list of common Latvian surnames that I provided in my last post. All source references are described therein.
Ābele means “apple tree”. So far in my research I have found this name in the parishes of Lāde, Lēdurga, Sidgunda, Stiene and Suntaži, though it certainly appears in more. In the list of names recommended by the National Printing House for people changing their name, there is one name related to “Ābele” – “Ābeļzieds”, meaning “apple tree blossom”. In the listing of “new Latvian surnames” in the Kalniņš book, there is one more related name – “Ābelnieks”, which is an occupational surname relating to apple trees.
Ābols means “apple”. Thus far I have seen it in the parishes of Lēdurga, Limbaži, Skrudaliena, Vidriži and Vijciems. The National Printing House supplement provides two related names – “Ābolkalns”, meaning “apple hill”, and “Ābolnieks”, an occupational surname relating to apples. The “new Latvian surnames” list also adds “Ābolītis”, which is a diminutive form.
Āboliņš means “clover” – a departure from apples, but it looks like a potential diminutive of “ābols”, which is why I have included it here. It is a separate word from “ābols”. “Āboliņš” has been found in Durbe, Kastrāne, Krimulda, Mazsalaca, Stalbe, Suntaži and Turaida parishes. A related name from the “new Latvian surnames” list is “Ābolājs”, which means “clover field”.
Do you have more parishes of origin to add for these surnames? Let me know in comments!