Following along from my post two weeks ago, I am currently posting surnames that were approved and suggested by the government of Livland in the 1820s for peasants if they needed some ideas and inspiration.

This week’s category: Personal Attributes and Characteristics, that either one has, aspires to, or wants their descendants to aspire to. These names are not very common, but I have seen some in old records. As before, modern renditions in brackets. If I am not familiar with a name, I’ve made my best guess as to how it would be rendered in modern spelling.

Agrs (Agrs) Ahtrs (Ātrs) Baggats (Bagāts) Bahrsdains (Bārzdains)
Balts (Balts) Bees (Bīss) Besbehdis (Bezbēdis) Behrnigs (Bērnīgs)
Behrnischks (Bērnišķs) Brangs (Brangs) Brohsch (Brašs) Brohdigs (Brodīgs)
Dahrgs (Dārgs) Dailsch (Daiļš) Dedsigs (Dedzīgs) Derigs (Derīgs)
Disch (Dižs) Drohsch (Drošs) Dseltans (Dzeltens) Dsihws (Dzīvs)
Dsilsch (Dziļš) Gaddigs (Gadīgs) Gahdigs (Gādīgs) Gahrds (Gards)
Gaisch (Gaišs) Garsch (Garš) Gattaws (Gatavs) Gaudens (Gaudens)
Gaumigs (Gaumīgs) Gausigs (Gausīgs) Geldigs (Geldīgs) Glaums (Glauns)
Glihts (Glīts) Gluds (Gluds) Gohdigs (Godīgs) Greesigs (Griezīgs)
Gresns (Grezns) Gudrs (Gudrs) Jautrs (Jautrs) Ihss (Īss)
Ihstens (Īstens) Kahrs (Kārs) Kahrtigs (Kārtīgs) Karsts (Karsts)
Kaunigs (Kaunīgs) Klahjigs (Klājīgs) Klausigs (Klausīgs) Kluss (Kluss)
Knasch (Knašs) Kohpigs (Kopīgs) Kohsch (Košs) Krahschns (Krašņs)
Kreetns (Krietns) Kupls (Kupls) Lahgs (Lāgs) Laimigs (Laimīgs)
Laipnigs (Laipnīgs) Leels (Liels) Leesmains (Liesmains) Leetigs (Lietīgs)
Lehns (Lēns) Lihdsens (Līdzens) Lihdsigs (Līdzīgs) Lihgsms (Līgsms)
Lipnigs (Lipnīgs) Lohkains (Lokains) Lohzigs (Locīgs) Lustigs (Lustīgs)
Mahzigs (Mācīgs) Mannigs (Mānīgs) Mantigs (Mantīgs) Masais (Mazais)
Masisks (Mazisks) Meddigs (Medīgs) Meerigs (Mierīgs) Melns (Melns)
Melnazzis (Melnacis) Mihksts (Mīksts) Mihls (Mīļš) Mihligs (Mīlīgs)
Mohdrs (Modrs) Mudrs (Mudrs) Muddigs (Mudīgs) Pastars (Pastars)
Pilns (Pilns) Pirmais (Pirmais) Plasch (Plašs) Prahtigs (Prātīgs)
Prahws (Prāvs) Rahms (Rāms) Rahtns (Rātns) Raibs (Raibs)
Raschens (Ražens) Redsigs (Redzīgs) Remdens (Remdens) Resns (Resns)
Rohsch (Rožs) Ruhpigs (Rūpīgs) Sahtns (Sātins) Saldans (Saldans)
Saļsch (Zaļš) Sarkans (Sarkans) Saudsigs (Saudzīgs) Sauss (Sauss)
Schaurs (Šaurs) Schigls (Žigls) Schķihsts (Šķīsts) Seltans (Zeltains)
Semmigs (Zemīgs) Sihks (Sīks) Silsch (Zilš) Sillazzis (Zilacis)
Silts (Silts) Sirdigs (Sirdīgs) Skaists (Skaists) Skreisch (Skreišs)
Skunstigs (Skunstīgs) Slawens (Slavens) Smags (Smags) Smaidigs (Smaidīgs)
Smalks (Smalks) Smidrs (Smidrs) Spihdigs (Spīdīgs) Spirgts (Spirgts)
Spohdrs (Spodrs) Spohsch (Spožs) Spulgazzis (Spulgacis) Stahws (Stāvs)
Stalts (Stalts) Stiprs (Stiprs) Swabbads (Zvabads) Swanigs (Zvanīgs)
Swarrigs (Svarīgs) Sweiks (Sveiks) Swesch (Svešs) Taisns (Taisns)
Tauks (Tauks) Teesigs (Tiesīgs) Tihrs (Tīrs) Tikls (Tīkls)
Trekns (Trekns) Tschakls (Čakls) Tuksch (Tukšs) Tumsch (Tumšs)
Turrigs (Turīgs) Uggunigs (Ugunīgs) Uhdains (Ūdains) Warrens (Varens)
Weegls (Viegls) Wehrts (Vērts) Wehss (Vēss) Weikls (Veikls)
Wessels (Vesels) Wezs (Vecs) Zeenigs (Cienīgs) Zeetigs (Cītīgs)
Zeets (Ciets) Zerrigs (Cerīgs)

Surname Saturday – Government Approved, Part 2
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7 thoughts on “Surname Saturday – Government Approved, Part 2

  • March 22, 2011 at 1:13 pm

    My father-in-law’s surname is Ozols, he had to leave Latvia at the end of WW2, is this a common name? He lived on a farm called EZENI in the Vecpiebalg district. Can you help with his family history.



  • March 25, 2011 at 2:51 pm


    Ozols is the 5th most common surname in Latvia, so it is very popular. It is good that you have the name of the farm he lived on, because this will be key to tracing his ancestry. According to my 1930s-era map, Ezēni was a farm south of the main centre of Vecpiebalga, on a side road off the main road on the way to Vējava. The farm does not appear on modern maps.

    Please read my blog post Getting Started with Latvian Research for tips on the best way for you to proceed with your research. Best of luck!

  • April 15, 2011 at 11:31 pm


    I think I posted on here once before, but I’ve been having trouble finding the origins of my grandfather’s last name, Meikša.

    After some research, I have figured out that the ending -a is the female form of the name. I have also found a town called “Meikšani.” Is there a possiblity that his family name could’ve come from this region and that our family adapted it into a name?

    Thanks for any information,

  • April 22, 2011 at 11:15 am


    Sometimes what appear to be feminine endings of names are also the whole name, such as Apse, Goba, and so on. I think Meikša could be one of those cases as well, but if it did have a masculine ending it would be Meikšs. I do think it could be quite possible that people with the surname Meikša could have come from a place called Meikšani – good catch! This would definitely be a place I’d investigate in your research.

  • June 19, 2011 at 3:17 pm

    Most of them are oldstyle surnames.
    Real surnames – Stalts, Sarkans.
    Real different forms – from Bagāts – Bagātais, Gudrs-Gudrais, Čakls – Čaklais, etc.
    pronuncation of this – “ais” iz similar like english “ice”.

  • August 5, 2011 at 1:55 am

    I have been searching for many years for my Grandfathers relatives “Janis GRASIS.”….I have no photto of him at all. he and my Grandmother remarried..she became Bruveris amd I do not have a name of his new wife..she had sons of her own…I am also rying to find the sons of myAunt Veronica,( she died in childbirth) Dainis and Janis my cousins..Dainis lived with our Gmother as both of his wifes died he has a daughter Zenta..of this side I have a few phottos….can anyone help

  • Pingback: Surname Saturday – Government Approved, Part 4 « Discovering Latvian Roots

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